MOSCOW BAUMANN STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
DEMO VERSION!!!

INTERNET LABORATORY "PLASMA SPECTROMETRY AND PLASMA NANOTECHNOLOGIES"

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EQUIPMENT

   Spectrometer

   Optical behch design

   Optical resolution

   CCD-detector

   Microprocessor board

   Fibre optic cable

   Collimating lens

   Objects of research

   AVALight lamp

   Halogen and deuterium lamps

SPECTROMETER CONTROL PARAMETERS

   Optical channels

   Smoothing

   Integration time

   Average

   Correct for dynamic dark

   Saturation detection levels

TRAININGS

   Technics and practice of spectrofotometry

   The qualitative analysis of radiation spectrum

   Definition of the Electronic Temperature in Plasma

PLASMA NANOTECHNOLOGIES

   Plasma facility for nanotechnologies

   Experiment scheme

   Plasma spatial scanning

   Working gas mixture pressure and composition control

   Control interface
 
Smoothing
Smoothing is a procedure, which averages the spectral data over a number of pixels on the detector array. For example, if the smoothing parameter is set to 2, the spectral data for all pixels xn on the detector array will be averaged with their neighbor pixels xn-2, xn-1, xn+1 xn+2.

To get a smoother spectrum without losing information it is important to set the right smoothing parameter. The optimal smoothing parameter depends on the distance between the pixels at the detector array and the light beam that enters the spectrometer. For the AvaSpec-2048, the distance between the pixels on the CCD-array is 14 micron.

With a 200 micron fiber (no slit installed) connected, the optical pixel resolution is about 14.3 CCD-pixels. With a smoothing parameter set to 7, each pixel will be averaged with 7 left and 7 right neighbor pixels. Averaging over 15 pixels with a pitch distance between the CCD pixels of 14 micron will cover 15*14 = 210 micron at the CCD array. Using a fiber diameter of 200 micron means that we will lose resolution when setting the smoothing parameter to 7. Theoretically the optimal smoothing parameter is therefore 6.

The formula is ((slit size/pixel size) - 1 )/2.

In the table the recommended smoothing values for the AvaSpecs spectrometer are listed as function of the light beam that enters the spectrometer. This light beam is the fiber core diameter, or if a smaller slit has been installed in the spectrometer, the slit width. Note that this table shows the optimal smoothing without losing resolution. If resolution is not an important issue, a higher smoothing parameter can be set to decrease noise against the price of less resolution.

Light beam, mkm Smoothing parameter's:
10 0
25 0
50 1
100 3
200 6